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Secular Science to Religious Science

Since past two centuries, the insight that had control over our scientific environment was Islamic insight. But common science in recently educational and research environments of Islamic societies is secular science. How did secular science replace religious science in Islamic societies?

And the Islamic society that one day was a standard-bearer in science, has greatly fallen behind the west in science domain in few recent century and has also become more dependent day by day?
 
Today, the regnant culture of our universities and intellectual societies is an extremist against-science and hostility toward philosophical thought but these cases are completely interrelated.

Because of the weakness of philosophical insight and ignorance in the limits and boundaries of experimental knowledge, the science has everything in hand.

And we must solve all of our problems with it.

As some of our intellectuals say:”it even determines the shape of the religion.”Some intellectuals, who have some intensions to religion, believe that we must refer to the religion just for ethical and eternal affairs.
 
Briefly, it wants to say that, if modern metaphysic science could not have control over this land, in this case the chance of survival maintenance and growth in science would be failed.
 
But we should not ignore that science flowered in Islamic society, while Muslims believe in a single God, unity of world and Islamic values, and science was not a destination to them, but it was to reach their intellectual objects.
 
Now the religion in our universities does not play the expected sensible role in some appearances and in the teaching of our universities, the scientific aspects of affairs are conveyed.
 
In fact only hidden progresses of philosophy are conveyed by academic teachings and are playing as a main role in shaping the secularist thought.

Scientists use hypothesizes continuously for analyzing the scientific data and these are full of values and non-scientific aspects. A Muslim student who believes inan Islamic worldview should recognize the hidden hypothesizes which seem scientific; in fact they are not to encounter them with alertness.

 
This book contains below

discussions:

Secularity of our scientists' society, relation between science and religion, Islamic

science and universities to become Islamic. The writer has tried to specify the concepts of such theories about each one.

The features of this book are as following:

The writer Dr.Goolshani is an expert in the religious science and his tendency is

toward the discussed and philosophical theories in the scientific approach of the

world, around the subject. Bringing the lectures of the religious and scientific

characters in this book has greatly helped to understand the subject in each chapter

and it is one of the main features which makes it understandable and proves the

reasonability of conclusions.

In the first chapter, the concepts of secular science and religious science, the

process of conveying the religious science to the secular science in the Christian and

Islamic countries has been explained completely. After that, in the second chapter it

has talked about the survey of different kinds of relations between science and

religion in contemporary world and each of them has been discussed. Third chapter

has specialized to survey Islam’s thought toward experimental science. In the fourth

chapter, an effective factor in following the science in Islamic civilization has been

mentioned to give a model for the students to revive this civilization on the bases of

Islamic worldview

In the fifth chapter, the unity of theological school and university,

the role of various groups and its scientific solutions has been surveyed. In the last

chapter, Islamic university and its concept and theories have been discussed. The

writer has tried to specify the position of religious sciences and to reach the roles of

an Islamic university by this way. This book which is written by dr. Mehdi Golshani

for the ones who deal with production of science and learning, will clarify important

discussions, specially for the students of experimental fields who ignore the

backgrounds of their secular science and if they attend more seriously, they can be

safe against the ruinous effects of modern science and they themselves attempt to

reform the structures of the current education and science.
 

Rohama