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The Persian Gulf Cooperation Council

In 1970, the AL-Sabah dynasty, with the purpose of recognition of independence for Kuwait from Iraq and protecting this country against Iraq's invasion, began some serious attempts to establish a regional treaty concluding the leaders of the countries around the Persian Gulf, and this resulted in the Persian Gulf Cooperation Council in February 1980. Today, this council concludes 6 countries of: Saudi Arabia, Oman, Qatar, Kuwait, Bahrain, and United Arab Emirates. The secretariat of this council is located in Riyadh, that it shows the acceptance of the Saudi Arabia as the leader and older brother by other members of the council. This council contains, secretariat, the council of foreign ministers, the supreme council, and some specialized commissions in its structure.


The basis of the Persian Gulf Cooperation Council establishment:

1.      Inability of the member countries in establishing the internal security and stability.

The member countries, because of having limited small land territories (except Saudi Arabia) and low population, and having great natural and fossil resources, felt insecure and weak in of the greater powers, as a result they found establishing a regional union as a reasonable solution to obtain security. Thus we could consider the main reason of establishment of the council, to be the need for obtaining internal security of the member countries.


2.      The fear of developing and expanding of the principles of the Islamic revolution of Iran.

The main foreign reason of forming this council was the Islamic Revolution of Iran and setting over of the Iranian king. The regional countries found no solution against the principles of the Islamic Revolution that was shaking the columns of their dictator kingdoms; but to form a opposition group; and they used all possible conspiracies just to stop this divine wave, and they somehow was trying to form a defensive strategy against Islamic Revolution of Iran.



The stand point of the west (America) about this council

The formation of this council was at the time of the US presidential election and the rise of Ronald Regan, from the Republican Party. Regan made some considerable changes in the policy of America toward the Persian Gulf region, and the attention of the government got focused much more than before on this region, in a way that Regan explained its countries goals in Persian gulf in his first presence in the White House in front of congress as:

1.      Access to the Persian Gulf oil and protecting shipping lines.

2.      Stop the development and expanding of Soviet Union.

3.      Expanding the economical and commercial relations in the region.

4.      Having access to the key points of the region that were considerable in military projects of America.

From the other side, by the occurrence of the Islamic Revolution of Iran and the setting over of the Pahlavi kingdom, America Lust its gendarme in the region and was concerned about the security of the Israel, and on another side America through military presence in the region tended to use it as a pressure axle to control the Soviet Union, all these reasons made America to view this council as the display showcase of its power in the region and step toward using its maximum capacities and opportunities.


The stand point and policies of this council toward IR Iran

By a brief overview on the policies and stand point of this council toward Iran, it's easily understood that the council has always pursued some irrational and non-friendly positions toward IR Iran. The council supported Iraq completely in the imposed war against Iran in a way that some parts of Kuwait and even the strategic island of Bubiyan were practically under control of Iraq.

Saudi Arabia and Kuwait were fulfilling some parts of military costs of Iraq, and Kuwait was selling over 300,000 barrels of oil every day for Iraq. In the recent years this council has prepared the situation of the increase of the influence and penetration of America as the main and biggest opposition and enemy of IR Iran, through signing some security contracts and preparing all needs of the country in the region (Jafir military base in Bahrain and AL-Adid base in Qatar), on the other side has always tried to show the role of Iran as harmful and destructive in the region.


Persian Gulf cooperation Council on the verge of collapse:

Considering the situation and the needs of the member countries from the past till now, we recognize some challenges that the council is dealing with, below are some of the challenges:

1.      The attempt of playing the role of the leadership instead of Saudi Arabia by the other members.

2.      The pursuing of different, unbalanced or sometimes contrary policies by the members in regional events.

3.       Sea or land border disputes among the members.

In addition to the internal challenges of the council, the events in the recent years have proved to the members that to maintain and have the power to influence, they have to reconsider and review their policies and stand point and make them rebalanced, and pursue some other and different viewpoints in cooperation with other countries and the West.

Some of the important events are mentioned below:

1.      The everyday developing of Islamic Republic of Iran, despite tough sanctions.

2.      The victory of the resistance side in the 33 and 22 day wars.

3.      The defeat of the American military and imperialistic policies in Iraq and Afghanistan.

4.      The awakening wave of the Muslims all around the world under influence of the Islamic Revolution of Iran's principles.

In total we may witness transformation or decay of this council as the result of the mentioned disagreements among the members.

A historical stigma on the body of the activities of the council

The beginning of the year 2011 was the time of the first waves of awakening in the Arab-Islamic countries against the American and betrayer authoritarian regimes in the region. A great examine for the Muslims all around the world concluding the elites, politicians, scholars and the clergymen and mainly the religious structure of the Muslim world. Unbelievably we witnessed this council that always declared to be the supporter of Arab movements in the region, dedicated all its facilities and capacity to the benefit of dictators and corrupted authoritarian in the region and lost its reputation and honor in the international and Muslim world and at the end Saudi Arabia by accordance to one of the charter provisions that was one the main goals of the establishment of the council, that is the collective defense system, took the liberty to send a great group of soldiers and guards to Bahrain for killing the revolutionaries in Bahrain, another member of the council, to prove this to everyone that how the dependency and sensuality of the dictator rulers of the Muslim world has appeared to be a barrier facing the approximation and correlation of the Muslim nations and stops Muslims from unison in front of the arrogant world.

The collective defense idea was first raised in the North Atlantic treaty, and its reason was the turning of the Second World War involved countries to the balance of terror policy, to get themselves away from the destructive and harmful consequences of the War; Soviet Union established the Warsaw Pact as a response to the treaty and the Collective defense turned to be a common provision in the international treaties; at first it appeared such that it will reduce the possible tensions in the world and wouldn’t have  a practical use, but after the break down and collapse of the Soviet Union the arrogant face of this idea got revealed in a way that we are witnessing in the today events of Iraq, Afghanistan, and Libya, and different kinds of crimes and plunders are being justified in the international minds in the name of this invention; but this international acceptance wouldn’t be able to stop the communities that cry out the defense from the human rights and believe their existence philosophy to be the defense from the honor and freedom of humanity.


International organizations- Reza Mosa Zade

Persian Gulf Studies Center