Dr. Abdel Moneim Aboul Fotouh Abdel Hady or (born 15 October 1951) is an Egyptian physician, former student activist and moderate Islamist politician.
He is known for his staunch opposition to the Sadat and Mubarak regimes as well as his openness towards people of different political ideologies, a subject of controversy among supporters of Egyptian Islamic movements and organizations such the Muslim Brotherhood.
Formerly affiliated with the Muslim Brotherhood since the early 1970s, Aboul Futouh had been a member of the Brotherhood's Guidance Bureau from 1987 until 2009. In 2011 he formally quit all political work with the Muslim Brotherhood and resigned from its membership, following his decision to run for president in the presidential election in 2012. He is currently the secretary-general of the Arab Medical Union.
Aboul-Fotouh was born in the old Cairo district to a family which was originally from the Gharbia Governorate. He graduated from Cairo University School of Medicine with honors in 1976 and received a Bachelor's Degree of Law from the same university. He went on to attain a master's degree in hospital management from the Helwan University's Faculty of Commerce.
During his time at University, Aboul-Fotouh was the president of the student union at the College of Medicine at Qasr Aini in 1973 and then became the president of the student union of Cairo University in 1975, as well as the Secretary of the Media Committee for all Egyptian Universities. While president of the student union at Cairo University, Aboul Fotouh famously debated with Anwar Sadat.
Aboul Fotouh called Sadat's close followers a bunch of hypocrites, citing Sadat's restriction on Sheikh Mohammed al-Ghazali's speeches and the arrests of student demonstrators on campus. Sadat was angered and ordered Aboul Fotouh to stop in the middle of the debate, demanding that Aboul Fotouh show respect for him, the self-proclaimed father of the Egyptian people.
Fotouh was a prominent student leader in the 1970s and coordinated with other students, including Essam Al Eryan and Ibrahim El Zafarany, to facilitate the entry of the many small Islamic organizations into the Muslim Brotherhood. For many years, he was a member of the Muslim Brotherhood and served on its Guidance Bureau. He has been called "one of the Brotherhood's most respected members".
When he was the head of Cairo University's student union, Aboul Fotouh had a discussion with President Anwar Sadat. He accused Sadat and those who were working with him of being 'brown-nosers' because they banned Mohammed al-Ghazali from speaking in public.
Aboul Fotouh was arrested in 1981 in the famous September arrests that targeted members of Islamic groups in large numbers. He was then tried in a military court for the members of the Muslim Brotherhood. He was imprisoned for five years, from 1996 to 2001. He had been working as the aide to the secretary-general of the Arab Medical Union before his imprisonment, and after his release, he became secretary-general of the same organization.
Graduated from medical university in 1973.
Bachelor of Jurisprudence from Cairo University, and MS in hospital management.
Director of the union of medical university of "Ghasr Al-Aini" in 1973.
Director of the students' union of Cairo University in 1975.
Deputy Secretary General of the Association of Physicians of Egypt in 1984.
Secretary General of the Association of Egyptian Physicians in 1984.
Secretary General of the Union of Islamic-medical organizations until now.
Secretary General of the Arab Doctors Union (ADU).
Member of national-Arab Congress.
Observer member of Council of Arab Health Ministers.
Member of national-Islamic Congress.
Member of International Institute of Quds.