French anti-Zionist Philosopher and ex-member of the Communist Party Roger Garaudy has passed away at the age of 99, it was announced on Friday, June 15.
He died on Wednesday in the Paris suburb of Chennevieres, local officials said, Agence France Presse (AFP) reported. Born into an atheist and Catholic family, Graudy initially converted to Protestantism before rejoining the Catholic Church and eventually embraced Islam.
Garaudy joined the French resistance and was held in Algeria as a prisoner of war of France's collaborationist Vichy regime. He joined the French Communist Party after the war, was elected to the French parliament and became a member of the Senate.
Garaudy, who converted to Protestantism, Catholicism and finally Islam, joined the French resistance and was held in Algeria as a prisoner of war of France's collaborationist Vichy regime. He joined the French Communist Party after the war to be elected to the French parliament and became a member of the Senate.
Later on 1970, he was expelled from the French Communist Party after criticizing the Soviet invasion of Czechoslovakia. He converted to Islam in 1982. In 1996, Garaudy published his most controversial work, "Les Mythes fondateurs de la politique israelienne”, later translated into English as "The Founding Myths of Modern Israel”.
Because the book contained Holocaust denial, French courts banned any further publication. In 1998, Garaudy was fined 120,000 francs (US$ 18,000) by a Paris court and was sentenced to a suspended jail sentence of several years. Garaudy wrote more than 50 books - mainly on political philosophy and Marxism. He was the darling of French intellectual society until he denied that the Nazis used gas chambers to kill Jews during World War II.
According to Encyclopedia Britannica, the Holocaust refers to "systematic state-sponsored killing of Jewish men, women, and children and others by Nazi Germany and its collaborators during World War II.” The commonly used figure for the number of Jewish victims is six million. But the figure has been questioned by many European historians and intellectuals, chiefly French author Roger Garaudy.